Terms And Conditions
STANDARD PHOTOGRAPHIC TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF ENGAGEMENT
APPROVED BY THE HONG KONG INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL
Subject to this standard photographic terms and conditions of engagement (“Terms &
Conditions”) and that of the Standard Photographic Licence and Engagement Confirmation
attached (“Confirmation”), the Photographer grants to the Client a licence (“Licence”) to
display, publish, distribute and copy the Photographic Works for the purposes, territories, media
and time period specified in the Confirmation.
1. LICENCE GRANTED TO CLIENT
1.1 “Licence” means the rights to display, publish and copying the Photographic Works for
the purpose, territories, media and time period specified in the Confirmation
(“Photographic Works” includes films, negatives, prints, digitised images or images in
electronic or any other form or medium produced by the Photographer and those new
creations made pursuant to clause 3.2) granted by the Photographer to the Client under
the Licensing Documents (“Licensing Documents” means this Terms & Conditions,
Confirmation and other documents governing the Licence).
1.2 The Client shall be supplied with the Photographic Works for displaying, publication,
distribution and copying on the basis of the Licensing Documents, marked by ticking the
checkbox as either Exclusive or Non-exclusive.
1.3 For the avoidance of doubt, for the purpose of the Licensing Documents, copying shall
mean reproducing the work in any material form, which includes storing the work in any
medium by electronic means and the making of a copy in 3 dimensions of a
2-dimensional work and the making of a copy in 2 dimensions of a 3-dimensional work.
2. CONDITIONS OF LICENCE
2.1 The Licence to use the Photographic Works begins from the date of commencement of
work by the Photographer. No use may be made of any Photographic Works before full
payment is made unless the Photographer’s prior written consent is obtained.
2.2 Subject to clause 4 herein, the Licence granted to the Client must not be assigned to any
third party without the Photographer’s prior written consent.
2.3 Unless otherwise specified in the Licensing Documents, the Client shall not manipulate,
distort or make other alterations (including overprinting by text or by other Photographic
Works) to the Photographic Works.
2.4 The Client shall or shall procure any third party which acquired, directly or indirectly,
any hardcopy or softcopy of the Photographic Works through the Client in the course of
accomplishing the purpose of the Licence to, erase or destroy all hardcopy and softcopy
of the Photographic Works as soon as practically possible after displaying, publishing,
distributing or copying such Photographic Works, except when it is done within the
purpose of the Licence or with the Photographer’s prior consent.
2.5 Not withstanding any clauses the Licensing Documents, the Photographer always retains
the right to use the Photographic Works in any manner and in any part of the world after
displaying, publishing, distributing or copying of such Photographic Works for the
(a) Entering the Photographic Works into photographic competitions or awards and
for their use in any material published in connection with promoting such
competitions or awards;
(b) promoting the Photographer’s Photographic Works in any manner; and
(c) Displaying the Photographic Works at any art galleries or other premises.
2.6 Unless otherwise indicated in the Licensing Documents, use of any Photographic Works
by the Client must be accompanied by an adjacent credit line acknowledging the
Photographer’s name and ownership of the copyright.
3. COPYRIGHTS IN THE PHOTOGRAPHIC WORKS
3.1 Except as provided for under clause 5 herein, the copyright and proprietary rights in all
Photographic Works under the Licence belong to the Photographer, and the
Photographer shall remain the sole author and first owner of the Photographic Works.
3.2 Subject to clause 5 herein, while the copyright in the Photographic Works must remain
with the author, the Photographer, all photographic works created from any manipulation,
alternation, distortion or overprinting shall result neither in another photographic work
nor any new copyright.
3.3 With respect to the copyright works which result from or arising from or in connection
with the Photographer’s performance of his obligations under the Licencing Documents,
the Photographer shall be the author and the first owner of such copyright works.
3.4 As the author of the Photographic Works, the Photographer shall have, other than the
rights under the Licensing Documents, all Moral Rights (“Moral Rights” includes the
right to be identified as author or director, right to object to derogatory treatment of work
and other rights given by other applicable laws) related to the Photographic Works.
3.5 The Client is not entitled to any property in:
(a) any authored or artistic works created by the Photographer to support the
Photographic Works, or
(b) any materials used for the creation of an authored or artistic work, as a result of
plans or drawings, which are commissioned by the Photographer, or
(c) any acquisition of goods for use in supporting the Photographic Works.
Such goods, materials, authored or artistic works shall remain the property of the
Photographer, unless otherwise agreed between the Photographer and the Client.
4. LIMITATIONS ON AND FEES FOR THE PHOTOGRAPHIC WORKS
4.1 Except as agreed in writing otherwise, the territories, media and time period specified for
the initial grant of Licence shall be one calendar year, one medium and one territory.
(a) The meaning of territory is as follows:
(i) The Hong Kong S.A.R. (“Hong Kong”)
(ii) The Macao S.A.R
(iv) any one country
Each of (i) to (iv) above shall be regarded as an independent territory.
(b) Media are classified as follows:
(i) Printed media (e.g. newspaper, magazines, brochures etc.)
(ii) POP media (e.g. flags, signs, labels etc.)
(iii) Indoor media (e.g. MTR, malls etc.)
(iv) Outdoor media (e.g. bus stop and panel advertisements, external wall
(v) Electronic media (e.g. internet etc.)
(vi) Television and movie media
4.2 Subject to clause 4.1 herein, Client shall pay additional fee for extending the time period,
territories or media for the Licence. Details of the fee shall be stipulated in the
Confirmation while time period, territories and media are treated in the following
(a) Time period
Each additional time period shall be one calendar year, and part of a year is
regarded as a complete calendar year.
Each additional territory as listed as (i) to (iv) under clause 4.1(a) herein shall be
regarded as an independent and separate territory.
Each additional medium as listed as (i) to (v) under clause 4.1(b) herein shall be
regarded as an independent and separate medium.
4.3 For Licence granted (a) with perpetual time period, (b) worldwide and/or (c) with
unlimited media, the relevant fee shall be stipulated in the Confirmation.
5. ASSIGNMENT OF COPYRIGHTS IN PHOTOGRAPHIC WORKS
5.1 Where the Licensing Documents specify that copyright in the Photographic Works on
the basis of the Licensing Documents is to be assigned to the Client in consideration of
the Client’s full payment for such Photographic Works, the Photographer assigns to the
Client all or a part of the copyright in Photographic Works pursuant to the Licensing
5.2 As a condition of this assignment the Client shall indemnify the Photographer in respect
of any liability to the Photographer arising from any use of the assigned copyright
6. PHOTOGRAPHER’S FEES AND RELEVANT EXPENSES
6.1 Photographer’s fees (including deposit & balance) and relevant expenses are payable in
the manner and at the times as stipulated on the Confirmation. The Photographer
reserves always the right to commence work before payment of deposit.
6.2 Interest at the rate of 2.5% per month calculated on a daily basis, shall be charged on any
unpaid amount from the due date [specified on the Confirmation or invoices] until
7. NIGHT AND GENERAL HOLIDAYS SHOOTS
7.1 Additional fee may be levied for commission of Photographic Works between midnight
and 0600 hour on Mondays to Saturdays and between midnight and 2359 hour on
Sundays and general holidays as is gazetted by the government of Hong Kong.
8. OVERSEAS SHOOTING
8.1 Where a shooting is to take place out of territory of the Hong Kong, the Client shall pay
at least 50% of the Photographer’s fee before the Photographer commences any work.
The Client shall be responsible for payment or reimbursement of all expenses in
connection with such overseas shooting, including accommodation, traveling, food &
beverages, insurance and other relevant expenses.
9.1 Client shall take out insurance in respect of the Photographer and each crew member
taking part in the production of the Photographic Works (including accident, overseas
medical, personal safety, disability and property insurance). All relevant insurance
premium shall be borne by the Client, and the insured sum shall be determined between
9.2 If the Client did not perform its obligation of taking out insurance coverage under clause
9.1 herein, the Photographer may take out such insurance under clause 9.1 himself.
Under such circumstances, the Client may not dispute over any matter of the insurance
taken out by the Photographer.
9.3 Upon the request of either party, the other party shall make available the original of the
insurance policies for inspection by and/or provide copies of the same to the party
making such request.
10. CANCELLATION / POSTPONEMENT FEES
10.1 When a booking is confirmed as definite, the Client becomes liable for the full payment
to the Photographer and the Photographer becomes liable to complete the Photographic
10.2 Where the Client cancels the booking:
(a) within 48 hours of the booked shoot day, the Client must pay 100% of all relevant
expenses incurred for that shoot and 100% of the Photographer’s fees,
(b) 48 hours before the booked shoot day, the Client must pay 100% of all relevant
expenses incurred for that shoot and 50% of the Photographer’s fees.
10.3 Where the Client postpones or changes the booking:
(a) within 48 hours of the booked shoot day, such shoot must be carried out within
the next 14 days, failing which, such shoot shall be regarded as a cancellation; or
(b) for more than 14 days,
clause 10.2 shall apply.
10.4 For the purpose of this clause 10 (save and except 10.3(b)), hours and days shall not
include general holidays and public holidays as gazetted by the Government of Hong
Kong from time to time.
11. URGENT WORK
11.1 Where the Client demands Photographic Works on an urgent basis, including where the
Client requests for production of Photographic Works ahead of the original agreed
deadline and the Photographer is unable to carry out a shoot or correct a shot because of
such urgent deadline, the Photographer shall not be liable for any losses or damages
arising out of the inability to carry out a shoot but shall bear all relevant expenses that
have already been incurred.
11.2 The Client shall bear all relevant expenses that have been incurred (clause 9.2).
12. CHANGE OF FEE ESTIMATE
12.1 Statements of fees and relevant expenses are estimates and not firm quotations and are
subject to alteration. The Photographer must bring to the Client’s attention of any change
to the estimate.
12.2 Any change to the job specifications made by the Client may alter the fee estimate and
Disbursement, including all expenses relating to working overtime.
13. WEATHER CONDITIONS
13.1 A weather-permitting booking must be agreed between the Client and Photographer
prior to the shoot. Upon confirmation by the Client of any cancellation of a shoot due to
bad weather, the Client must pay the Photographer all expenses incurred and 100% of
the Photographer’s fee which was to be charged for the shoot.
14. UNCONTROLLABLE EVENTS (FORCE MAJEURE)
14.1 It is agreed that neither party shall be liable for delay or failure to perform any of
obligations under the Licensing Documents if such delay or failure is due to acts of
god, fire, earthquake, labour dispute, war, martial law, government order, riot,
revolution, outbreak of epidemic diseases (including SARS and avian flu) or any
other cause beyond the reasonable control of the parties hereto (“Uncontrollable
14.2 On the occurrence of any Uncontrollable Event, each party shall inform the other the
problem of the existence of such condition and shall discuss with each other to arrive
at some alternative agreements. Under such circumstances, the Client must be liable
to pay all amounts as required to meet the emergency, and shall exercise its best
endeavour to safeguard the personal safety of all crew members; in addition, the
Client shall, when in the case of an overseas shooting, exercise its best endeavour to
escort all crew members back to Hong Kong.
15. GUARANTEE AS TO PHOTOGRAPHIC WORKS
15.1 A representative of the Client should be present and such at the shoot and such
representative is responsible for approving the work. Acceptance of the work by this
representative deems to be the Client’s confirmation that the Photographer has satisfied
the requirements of the shoot. Where there is no representative at the shoot, the
Photographer’s own interpretation of the Client’s instructions and requirements shall be
deemed to be conclusive and acceptable to the Client.
15.2 If there is a dispute over the Photographic Works which is unresolved after negotiations
between the Photographer and the Client, the dispute shall be referred to the Hong Kong
Institute of Professional Photographers who shall then appoint suitably qualified persons
to conduct an arbitration.
16. CLIENT CONFIDENTIALITY
16.1 The Client must advise the Photographer if any material or information communicated to
the Photographer for the purpose of the photography is confidential. The Photographer
must keep any such confidential material or information strictly confidential, except
wheresuch work under the engagement is in violation of the laws of Hong Kong.
17. RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONTRACTORS
17.1 The Client is responsible for settling all payments (including rollover fees) and fulfilling
all other obligations to person(s) who supply any product or perform any service in
respect of the shoot (“Contractors”).
17.2 Where the Client requests the Photographer to arrange and enter into contracts with
Contractors on behalf of the Client, the Photographer acts as agent for the Client and
charge an additional sum as agent’s fee as stated in the Confirmation. The Client shall
indemnify the Photographer against all costs, relevant expenses and other obligations
arising from the Photographer acting as an agent for the Client.
18. PERMITS AND APPROVAL
18.1 Where the Photographer arranges and/or contracts models, the Photographer is
responsible for obtaining any necessary model releases.
18.2 Where the Client arranges and/or contract models or shooting venue, the Client shall be
responsible for obtaining all relevant approval, including but not limited to, the right of
access and/or the right of photo shooting in any place where the Photographer is required
to carry out his job described in the Confirmation and shall hold the Photographer
harmless in all respects in relation thereto.
18.3 It is the responsibility of the Client to obtain all permits and approvals (e.g. model
releases and moral rights and privacy waivers) necessary for the use of assigned
copyright in the Photographic Works by that Client.
19. ARRANGEMENT FEE FOR ENGAGING MODELS
19.1 Should the Client request the Photographer to arrange for models with model agencies,
in addition to being liable to pay for all fees related to the engagement of models, the
Client shall pay to the Photographer 10% of the total invoiced sum payable to the model
agencies as arrangement fee.
19.2 In respect of the Photographic Works, the Photographer shall not be responsible for any
liability (including monetary liabilities) in relation to or arising from the use of
Photographic Works outside the territories, media and time period as agreed by the
models or model agencies. The Photographer and model agencies hereby reserve all
19.3 For the avoidance of doubts, responsibility of contractors under clause 17 herein applies
to this clause 19, that is, models and model agencies are within the meaning of
20. INDEMNITY FOR BREACHES OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
20.1 The Client shall fully indemnify the Photographer against any claims, costs, or expenses
arising out of any illegal or defamatory Photographic Works produced for the Client and
any infringement of any intellectual property right of any person. The Client is
responsible for obtaining any authorisation, clearance, licence or other form of approval
necessary for the lawful use of any third party intellectual property works.
21. CLIENT PROPERTY AND MATERIALS SUPPLIED
21.1 All property and material supplied to the Photographer by or on behalf of the Client are
held at the Client’s risk and the Photographer takes no responsibility for the insurance of
21.2 The Client must pay any sum charged by the Photographer for handling or storing
material supplied by or on behalf of the Client. The Client may leave the material at the
shooting scene for a maximum of 7 days after shooting during which time the
Photographer may charge fees in relation thereto. Upon expiry of the 7 days, all material
shall be deemed to be abandoned by the Client and the Photographer shall have the
absolute right of disposal thereof. The Photographer also charges the Client for all costs
for disposal of the material.
22. PHOTOGRAPHER NOT LIABLE FOR LOSSES
22.1 Photographer shall not be liable for (other than that caused by the dishonesty or
negligence of the Photographer):
(a) Any loss or damage caused by any delay in the completion of the Photographic
(b) Any loss of profits;
(c) Any indirect or consequential loss of whatever nature; or
(d) Any loss arising directly or indirectly due to any negligence on the part of
Photographer or its employees.
(e) Any third party’s liability
23. LIMITATION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHER’S LIABILITY
23.1 The Photographer’s aggregate liability to the Client for any and all costs, loss or damage
suffered by the Client, howsoever caused, arising out of or in connection with the
Licence and/or this terms and conditions, shall not exceed the full value of the
Photographer’s fee payable by the Client for that job.
24. VERBAL CONFIRMATION OR CONFIRMATION BY CONDUCT
24.1 Where the Client did not sign the Confirmation, all verbal confirmation or confirmation
by conduct in respect of the engagement of the Photographer to produce Photographic
Works shall be deemed to be effective and final, and all relevant Licensing Documents
shall be deemed to be legally effective and binding upon the parties.
25. TERMINATION, TREATMENT AND EXTENSION OF LICENCE
25.1 The Licence shall be terminated upon the natural expiry of the expiry date as stated on
25.2 Should the Client wish to continue to use the Licence, it must notify the Photographer in
writing of such intention and period of extension and the licence fee thereof shall be
determined through further negotiation between the parties.
26.1 If any provision of the Licensing Documents is found invalid, void or unenforceable by
any competent authority, such provision shall be severed from the Licensing Documents
and the remaining provisions of the Licensing Documents shall continue in full force and
effect. The Licensing Documents shall, however, be amended by the parties in such
reasonable manner so as to achieve, without illegality, the intention of the parties with
respect to that severed provision.
27. FURTHER ASSURANCE
27.1 Each party shall do and execute or procure to be done and executed all necessary acts,
deeds, documents and things as may be reasonably necessary to give effect to the
29. GOVERNING LAW AND JURISDICTION
29.1 The Licensing Documents shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the
laws of Hong Kong and the parties hereto hereby irrevocably submit to the
[non-exclusive] jurisdiction of the Hong Kong courts in relation to any proceedings
arising out of or in connection with the Licensing Documents.
30.1 The Licensing Documents constitute the entire agreement between the parties relating
the subject matter hereto and supersede all previous agreements in this regard.
30.2 If there is any conflict or inconsistency between the provisions of the Licensing
Documents and other documents, the Licensing Documents shall prevail.
30.3 No variation of the Licensing Documents shall be valid unless it is in writing and signed
by or on behalf of each of the parties.
30.4 The failure to exercise or delay in exercising a right or remedy under the Licensing
Documents shall not constitute a waiver of the right or remedy or a waiver of any other
rights or remedies. No single or partial exercise of any right or remedy under the
Licensing Documents shall prevent any further exercise of the right or remedy or the
exercise of any other right or remedy.
30.5 Except as expressly provided in the Licensing Documents, the rights and remedies
contained in the Licensing Documents are cumulative and not exclusive of any rights or
remedies provided by law.
31. RESERVATION OF RIGHTS
31.1 All rights not specifically and expressly granted to the Client by the Licensing
Documents are reserved to the Photographer.